Nov 29, 2022  
Undergraduate Catalog 2021-2022 
    
Undergraduate Catalog 2021-2022 Archived Catalog

Course Descriptions


Course offerings are numbered utilizing four digits, the first indicating college year and the last the number of semester hours credit.

Courses numbered 0001 to 0999 are considered remedial; hours do not count toward minimum requirements for graduation.

Courses numbered 3001 to 4999 fulfill requirements for upper-division credits. Most of these courses have specified prerequisites.

Courses numbered 5000 to 8999 fulfill requirements for graduate credit. Most of these courses have specified prerequisites.

A prerequisite course must have been completed with an acceptable passing grade before enrollment in the given course is permitted.

A corequisite is a course in which a student must be enrolled and satisfactorily participating concurrently with the given course.

 

Biology

  
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    ENVAS 3824 International Development and Environmental Sustainability

    Four hours (Au Sable)
    Principles of sustainable development, examining ecological sustainability and sustainable society in the context of various factors that are bringing environmental degradation and impoverishment to people and cultures.  The course addresses problems associated with tropical agriculture, hunger, poverty, international debt, appropriate technology, relief programs, missionary earthkeeping, conservation of wild nature, land tenure, and land stewardship and the resolution of practical and ethical issues associated with these problems, employing a discussion format both in classroom and field settings.  Offered at Au Sable - Pacific Rim in Washington state during summer. Corresponds to Au Sable Biol/Geog 304 course.

    Prerequisite: GSC 2003  
    Offered at the Au Sable Institute Summer semester
  
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    ENVAS 3914 Sustainability, Tropical Agriculture and Missions

    Four hours (Au Sable)
    An introduction to sustainability and tropical agriculture with applications for working with resource-poor farmers. Topics include the scientific basis of low cost techniques, tropical crops and their requirements, and on-site work. Issues in Christian missions and development, urban gardening and small animal techniques are also covered in the context of agricultural employment and economy. This course includes several trips to different ecosystem regions of Costa Rica.  Offered at Au Sable - Costa Rica in Vara Blanca, Costa Rica during mid-May to early June. Corresponds to Au Sable Biol/Agric/Geog 343 course.

    Prerequisite: GSC 2003  
    Offered at the Au Sable Institute Summer semester
  
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    ENVAS 3924 Conservation and Development in the Indian Tropics

    Four hours (Au Sable)
    An introduction to the conservation, historical and ongoing development, and comparative analysis of coastal ecosystems, the plains and montane tropical ecosystems of the Western Ghats, an internationally recognized biodiversity hotspot containing multiple ecosystems stratified by altitudinal zonation. The course is taught on-site at a variety of ecosystem preserves and national parks. Topics include tropical ecosystem structure and function, adaptations of flora and fauna, biodiversity surveys, past and present human interactions with the landscape, and autecology of selected plant and animal species. Students from North America and India will interact in this cross-cultural course. Mini-buses will transport the group in each site with extensive hiking at each location. Food and lodging will be provided at nearby hostels and hotels. Offered at Au Sable - India in Tamil Nadu, India during mid-May to early June. Corresponds to Au Sable Biol 367 course.

    Prerequisites: BIO 1144 , BIO 2184 , and junior standing
    Recommended: additional ecology course from Au Sable
    Offered at the Au Sable Institute Summer semester

Business

  
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    BUS 1003 Introduction to Business

    Three hours (On Campus and Online)
    This course is an introduction to business and the private enterprise system from the perspective of the Christian world view. The purpose of this course is to provide foundational skills in areas that are critical for further studies in business, leading to a successful career launch.

    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
    Offered online Fall A term

  
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    BUS 1123 Business Communication

    Three hours (On Campus and Online)
    Development of professional communication skills, both written and oral, in business. Includes mechanics, techniques, and psychological principles of effective business communications with emphasis on contemporary communication technologies.

    Prerequisite: EGL 1013  or BBL 1083 
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
    Offered online Spring A and Summer A terms

  
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    BUS 2193 Business Statistics

    Three hours (On Campus and Online)
    A study of statistical theory as it applies in business settings. Topics include probability, distributions, descriptive statistics, estimation, hypothesis testing, regression and correlation, non-parametric methods, ANOVA, and statistical quality control. Meets the Mathematics requirement of the Core Curriculum.

    Prerequisite: minimum ACT math score of 24, or minimum SAT math score of 580, or CLT math score of at least 21, or MTH 1113  or higher
    Offered on campus Spring semester
    Offered online Fall B term

  
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    BUS 3013 Research and Statistical Concepts

    Three hours (Online)
    Focus is primarily on qualitative methods. Includes the development of a research project utilizing the appropriate research methods and conceptual statistical analyses.

    Offered online Fall B and Spring B terms

  
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    BUS 3113 Spreadsheet Analytics

    Three hours (On Campus and Online)
    Practice in using spreadsheets for various business applications. Emphasis will be placed on creating schedules, producing reports using pivot tables and graphs, and generating and updating macros through basic Visual coding.

    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
    Offered online Fall A and Summer B terms

  
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    BUS 3990 Internship

    No credit (On Campus)
    Supervised learning involving field experience in a business environment. Arrangements for taking the course must be made with the internship coordinator prior to the work being completed. This course is required for all College of Business majors for graduation and is available only to those students who are majoring in a degree program of the College of Business. Same as ATG 3990 

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    BUS 4131 Selected Topics

    One hour (On Campus)
    A course offering students opportunities to study subjects of special interest. May be offered on a group basis in a classroom setting or as independent study under faculty supervision.

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    BUS 4132 Selected Topics

    Two hours (On Campus)
    A course offering students opportunities to study subjects of special interest. May be offered on a group basis in a classroom setting or as independent study under faculty supervision.

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    BUS 4133 Selected Topics

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A course offering students opportunities to study subjects of special interest. May be offered on a group basis in a classroom setting or as independent study under faculty supervision.

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    BUS 4253 Business Law and Ethics

    Three hours (On Campus and Online)
    Basic legal principles that govern modern business transactions. Topics include contracts, real and personal property, agencies, employment, business formation, and Uniform Commercial Code. Emphasis on organizational ethics and compliance.

    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
    Offered online Spring B and Summer B terms

  
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    BUS 4433 Critical Analysis and Reasoning

    Three hours (Online)
    Development of purposeful, unbiased analysis of evidence to arrive at logical and reasonable conclusions using various methods introduced and practiced in the course.

    Offered online Fall A and Spring A terms

  
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    BUS 4993 Strategic Management

    Three hours (On Campus and Online)
    An integrative study of business context and policy focused on the designing, evaluating and defending of various business strategies based on current and historical cases from a variety of organizations. This is a capstone course open only to seniors in the College of Business.

    Prerequisite: senior standing
    Offered on campus Fall semester
    Offered online Fall A and Spring A terms


Chemistry

  
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    CHM 1014 Fundamentals of Chemistry

    Four hours (On Campus)
    An introduction to the field of chemistry. Designed to provide students with an understanding of basic chemical principles and their application to relevant problems, course work is suitable for students in Construction Management, Nursing, and the liberal arts. Three hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory per week. Meets the Natural Science requirement of the Core Curriculum. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Corequisite: CHM 1014L
    Prerequisite or corequisite: minimum ACT math score of 24, or minimum SAT math score of 580, or CLT math score of at least 21, or MTH 1113  
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CHM 1101 Chemistry Practicum

    One hour (On Campus)
    Experiences in chemistry, such as the following: chemical demonstration, chemical hygiene training, analysis, and teaching. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CHM 1124 General Chemistry I

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A systematic study of basic chemical principles and properties that govern matter and its changes. Topics include the basic structure of atoms and molecules, chemical and physical properties, balancing chemical equations, and bonds. Three hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory per week. Meets the Natural Science requirement of the Core Curriculum. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: minimum ACT math score of 24, or minimum SAT math score of 580, or CLT math score of  at least 21.
    Corequisite: CHM 1124L
    Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 1113  
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CHM 1134 General Chemistry II

    Four hours (On Campus)
    Topics include thermodynamics, kinetics, and chemical reactions; properties of gases, solids, and liquids; aqueous equilibria and an introduction to electrochemistry and transition metal elements. Three hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory per week. Meets the non-lab Natural Science requirement of the Core Curriculum. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CHM 1124  
    Corequisite: CHM 1134L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CHM 2131 Introduction to Computational Chemistry

    One hour (On Campus)
    An introduction to the fundamentals of computational chemistry and a survey of various software programs, methods, and applications. This course provides the basic skills needed for engagement in the computational chemistry research courses.

    Prerequisite: CHM 1014  or CHM 1124 
    Offered on campus Fall semester (even-numbered years)
  
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    CHM 3101 Chemistry Practicum

    One hour (On Campus)
    Experiences in chemistry, such as the following: chemical demonstration, chemical hygiene training, analysis, and teaching. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CHM 3114 Advanced Analytical Chemistry

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A laboratory intensive course that encompasses both quantitative and instrumental methods of analysis. Topics include chemical equilibrium, wet chemical methods of analysis, and various types of spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques. Emphasis on reading and utilizing current scientific literature. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CHM 1134  
    Corequisite: CHM 3114L
    Offered on campus Fall semester (even-numbered years)
  
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    CHM 3134 Organic Chemistry I

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A systematic study of the hydrocarbons and their derivatives, general organic reactions, and theories of reaction mechanics. The laboratory work gives training in the preparation and properties of type compounds. Three hours lecture-discussion-quiz and three hours laboratory per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CHM 1134  
    Corequisite: CHM 3134L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CHM 3144 Organic Chemistry II

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A systematic study of the hydrocarbons and their derivatives, general organic reactions, and theories of reaction mechanics. The laboratory work gives training in the preparation and properties of type compounds. Three hours lecture-discussion-quiz and three hours laboratory per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CHM 3134  
    Corequisite: CHM 3144L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CHM 3151 Selected Topics

    One hour (On Campus)
    Topics are chosen from the various branches of chemistry. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CHM 3152 Selected Topics

    Two hours (On Campus)
    Topics are chosen from the various branches of chemistry. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CHM 3153 Selected Topics

    Three hours (On Campus)
    Topics are chosen from the various branches of chemistry. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CHM 3154 Selected Topics

    Four hours (On Campus)
    Topics are chosen from the various branches of chemistry. May be repeated for credit when content differs. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CHM 3164 Biochemistry I

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A study of macromolecular and metabolic biochemistry with an emphasis on carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins and an introduction to nucleic acids. The chemical basis for biological phenomena, bioenergetics and metabolic regulation is stressed. Three hours lecture-discussion and one three-hour laboratory-quiz period per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO 1124  and CHM 3144  
    Corequisite: CHM 3164L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CHM 3174 Biochemistry II

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A study of the molecules involved in heredity with an emphasis on regulatory processes. Topics include: DNA/RNA structure and topology, genome organization, chromatin structure, epigenetic modifications, mutations, DNA replication and repair, recombination, transcription, RNA processing, and protein translation. Genomic applications to modern medicine and studies of evolution are also explored. Lab experiments utilize several methods of recombinant DNA technology and bioinformatic analyses. Three hours lecture-discussion and one three-hour laboratory per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course. Same as BIO 3314  

    Prerequisite: CHM 3164  or BIO 2174  
    Corequisite: CHM 3174L
    Offered on campus Spring semester (odd-numbered years)
  
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    CHM 3183 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

    Three hours (On Campus)
    Coverage of the bonding and properties of the main group and transition metal elements with a focus on their coordination and solid-state chemistry. Molecular symmetry principles, spectroscopy, and catalytic applications of these substances are discussed.

    Prerequisite: CHM 1134  
    Offered on campus Fall semester (odd-numbered years)
  
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    CHM 4124 Physical Chemistry - Thermodynamics

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A study of the principles of Physical Chemistry. Topics include behavior of matter in the various states, chemical kinetics, molecular and atomic structure, and thermodynamics. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CHM 3144 , CHM 3183 , and PHY 2124  
    Corequisite: CHM 4124L
    Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 1144  
    Offered on campus Spring semester (even-numbered years)
  
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    CHM 4134 Physical Chemistry - Quantum

    Four hours (On Campus)
    A study of the principles of Physical Chemistry. Topics include molecular and atomic structure, quantum mechanics, and atomic and molecular spectroscopy. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CHM 3114 , CHM 3144 , and PHY 2124  
    Corequisite: CHM 4134L
    Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 1144  
    Offered on campus Spring semester (odd-numbered years)
  
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    CHM 4220 Chemistry Research

    No credit (On Campus)
    Laboratory-based research projects in an area of Chemistry or Biochemistry of interest to the student and supervising faculty. Also offered for credit, with a maximum of four hours counting toward degree credit in Biochemistry. CHM 4220 is only for REU experiences at other institutions. May be repeated. Graded ’S’ or ‘U’. 

    Prerequisite: instructor consent
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CHM 4221 Chemistry Research

    One hour (On Campus)
    Laboratory-based research projects in an area of Chemistry or Biochemistry of interest to the student and supervising faculty. May be repeated for credit, with a maximum of four hours counting toward degree credit in Biochemistry.  An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: instructor consent
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CHM 4222 Chemistry Research

    Two hours (On Campus)
    Laboratory-based research projects in an area of Chemistry or Biochemistry of interest to the student and supervising faculty. May be repeated for credit, with a maximum of four hours counting toward degree credit in Biochemistry.  An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: instructor consent
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CHM 4223 Chemistry Research

    Three hours (On Campus)
    Laboratory-based research projects in an area of Chemistry or Biochemistry of interest to the student and supervising faculty. May be repeated for credit, with a maximum of four hours counting toward degree credit in Biochemistry.  An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: instructor consent
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CHM 4310 Chemistry Internship

    No credit (On Campus)
    Practical experience in a chemistry-related field through work in industry, a non-profit organization, or a government agency. Internships may be paid, unpaid, or stipend-based. May be repeated. Graded ’S’ or ‘U’.

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CHM 4501 Chemistry/Biochemistry Capstone

    One hour (On Campus)
    Provides opportunity for graduating students to integrate the multiple chemical and biochemical concepts and to assess the Chemistry engaged learning program, CH3. Involves structured review of key concepts in multiple disciplines of chemistry and biochemistry prior to taking a standardized achievement test required for completion of each respective major. One hour lecture-discussion per week.

    Prerequisites: senior standing and completion of, or current enrollment in, all (or most) chemistry courses specified by the department for the Chemistry or Biochemistry major
    Offered on campus Spring semester

Construction Management

  
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    CM 1112 Construction Techniques I

    Two hours (On Campus)
    Instruction in and application of basic construction techniques by involvement in an actual construction project. Also included is instruction adequate to earn the ten-hour Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Certificate. One hour lecture-discussion and three hours laboratory period per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Corequisite: CM 1112L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 1122 Construction Techniques II

    Two hours (On Campus)
    Instruction in and application of basic construction techniques by involvement in an actual construction project. Basic instruction in arc welding and concrete block laying is included. One hour lecture-discussion and three hours laboratory period per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Corequisite: CM 1122L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 1212 Introduction to Construction Management

    Two hours (On Campus)
    A comprehensive study of the roles and responsibilities of the professional construction manager. Includes a survey of the various construction industry sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, highway, etc.) and other professionals involved in the built environment (architects, engineers, owners, trades, etc.). Also includes orientation to work on a construction site. The student is responsible to secure summer employment in construction with assistance from the instructor. Taken prior to CM 2440 . Two hour lecture-discussion period per week.

    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 1223 Graphic Communication Skills

    Three hours (On Campus)
    The study and practice of communicating ideas through manual and digital means. Emphases include the development of communication through construction documents, an introduction to construction assemblies and an overview of three-dimensional model based design, and construction documentation. Two three-hour laboratory periods per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Corequisite: CM 1223L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 2213 Construction Methods I

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of the assemblies, methods, sequences, and equipment used in constructing residential projects. The use of the International Residential Code and local jurisdiction ordinances and their effect on both the site and building construction is included. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory period per week.

    Corequisite: CM 2213L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 2223 Construction Methods II

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of the assemblies, methods, sequences, and equipment used in commercial construction projects. An emphasis on the planning and managing of the commercial construction process is included. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory period per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Corequisite: CM 2223L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 2322 Statics and Strength for Technology

    Two hours (On Campus)
    A study of forces on statically determinate rigid bodies at rest including analysis of determinate trusses. An introduction to stress and strain in beams and columns is included. Two hours lecture-discussion per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: MTH 1122  or equivalent
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 2440 Construction Internship

    No credit (On Campus)
    Ten weeks (a minimum of 400 hours) of construction work with prior approval of the major advisor. A written report of activities is required. This course can be completed during the summer months.

    Prerequisite: CM 1212  
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CM 2513 Surveying

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of the fundamentals of measuring techniques as they relate to leveling, construction layout, and mapping. Emphasis is given to the care and use of optical and electronic instruments. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory period per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: MTH 1122  or equivalent
    Corequisite: CM 2513L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 3213 Construction Safety and Quality

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of safety and quality control as it relates to construction management. An emphasis on the financial impact of safety and quality management is included. Also included is instruction adequate to earn the Concrete Field Testing Technician Grade 1 Certification. Three hours lecture-discussion per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CM 2213  or CM 2223  
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 3233 Structural Systems for Buildings

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of the design of steel structural elements typically found in buildings and a consideration of steel erection procedures. Also the study of the design and control of concrete mixtures, the design of simple reinforced concrete structural elements, and the study of basic temporary structures (shoring, scaffolding, formwork) that will be encountered on typical construction projects. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory period per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CM 2322  or ME 3313  
    Corequisite: CM 3233L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 3413 Estimating I

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introduction to construction estimating and bid preparation with an emphasis on quantity takeoff. Residential and light commercial projects are emphasized with integration of construction accounting. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory period per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CM 2213  or CM 2223  
    Corequisite: CM 3413L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 3501 Selected Topics

    One hour (On Campus)
    Study of a specific area of the construction industry, such as work methods or equipment selection. May be used for independent study. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CM 3502 Selected Topics

    Two hours (On Campus)
    Study of a specific area of the construction industry, such as work methods or equipment selection. May be used for independent study. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CM 3503 Selected Topics

    Three hours (On Campus)
    Study of a specific area of the construction industry, such as work methods or equipment selection. May be used for independent study. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CM 3603 Mechanical/Electrical Systems for Buildings

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems of residential and commercial buildings. An introduction to mechanical, electrical and plumbing codes, and design software are included. Energy conservation issues and the environmental impact of construction are discussed. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory per week.

    Corequisite: CM 3603L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 3613 Architectural Design

    Three hours (On Campus)
    The design, development, and presentation of an architectural program for a residence. Introduction to design principles and their influence in the development of a project is addressed. The architect, contractor and owner working relationships are emphasized. Two three-hour laboratory periods per week.  An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CM 1223  and junior standing
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 3723 VDC/BIM - Virtual Design and Construction

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introduction to the application of Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) also known as Building Information Modeling (BIM) as it relates to managing construction projects. Software experience with 4D CAD and clash detection will be explored. Course includes a semester project and presentation. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CM 3613  and junior standing
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 4323 Construction Contracting

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of the management aspects of the construction industry including firm organization, roles and responsibilities, contracts, specifications, bonding and insurance, labor relations, and labor law. Ethical issues relevant to construction are discussed. Three hours lecture-discussion per week.

    Prerequisite: senior standing
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 4423 Estimating II

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A detailed study and application of pricing, subcontract evaluation, and bidding techniques using blueprints and specifications. Projects include several commercial building projects. An introduction to construction financing is included. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CM 2223 , CM 3413 , and senior standing
    Corequisite: CM 4423L
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CM 4613 Construction Project Planning and Scheduling

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of construction project management systems with emphasis on project planning and scheduling. Critical path schedules are developed using Primavera and Microsoft software. Two hours lecture-discussion and one two-hour laboratory per week.

    Prerequisite: senior standing
    Corequisite: CM 4613L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 4713 Construction Management I

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A capstone experience involving application of management techniques on an actual construction project. Planning, estimating, procurement, project execution, supervision of CM 1112  students, and coordinating subcontractors is included. One 1-hour planning session and two four-hour laboratories per week.

    Prerequisite: senior standing
    Corequisite: CM 4713L
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CM 4723 Construction Management II

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A capstone experience involving application of management techniques on an actual construction project. Planning, estimating, procurement, project execution, supervision of CM 1122  students, and coordinating subcontractors is included. One 1-hour planning session and two four-hour laboratories per week.

    Prerequisite: senior standing
    Corequisite: CM 4723L
    Offered on campus Spring semester

Christian Ministry and Formation

  
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    CMF 2133 Human Formation and Ministry

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A multidisciplinary study of human formation as Imago Dei-created, fallen, redeemed, and glorified, with general examination of how gender, sexuality, ethnicity, ability-disability, birth order, personality, family of origin, culture and religious faith form and shape who we are. Empathizing with people, establishing trusting relationships, and compassionately ministering to individuals with various levels of formational brokenness are the specific ministry skills explored within this course.  

    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CMF 2213 Christian Leadership and Service

    Three hours (On Campus)
    This course explores the image of leadership that Jesus taught and demonstrated to his followers as an alternative to the default view of leadership which views leadership through the lenses of power, control, and certainty.

    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CMF 2263 Discipleship and Evangelism

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A consideration of the biblical and practical application of discipleship and evangelism. The social, cultural, community and ontological ramifications of discipleship and evangelism are considered, as well as a critique of current issues, worldview and the needs of the 21st-century world.

    Prerequisites: BBL 1013  or BBL 1083 , and BBL 1023  or BBL 1093  
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CMF 2313 Ministry of Reconciliation

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A Christ-centered exploration of the ministry of reconciliation and the work of reconciliation amidst divisive contemporary issues, with experiential engagement in the peacemaking practices of conciliation, civil discourse, conflict management, mediation, and advocacy. Meets the Arts and Humanities requirement of the Core Curriculum.

    Offered on campus Fall semester (even-numbered years)
  
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    CMF 3223 Preaching and Teaching

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A foundational course to provide tools for preaching, teaching, speaking and presenting the Christian message in a variety of contexts. Includes an introduction to theory for creating and delivering different forms of communication, as well as practical ideas and tips for using various media.

    Prerequisite: one of the following: BBL 3413 , BBL 3423 , BBL 3433 , BBL 3443 , BBL 3453 , BBL 3463 , BBL 3473 , BBL 3613 , BBL 3623 , BBL 3633 , or BBL 3633  
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CMF 3273 Ministry to Children

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An integrated examination of child, development, theological and historical perspectives on children, evangelism and discipleship of children, and holistic care and local advocacy for children. God’s justice, mercy and grace towards children, and the role of children in human society and the kingdom of God will also be explored. As part of this course, students are required to complete 30 hours of service learning in a ministry organization that serves children.  

    Offered on campus Spring semester (odd-numbered years)
  
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    CMF 3313 Ministry to Youth

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of the basic principles of effective youth ministry. The class focuses on formulating theological, theoretical and practical models for doing youth ministry, whether in a local church or para-church setting. As part of this course, students are required to complete 30 hours of service learning in a ministry organization that serves youth.

    Offered on campus Fall semester (odd-numbered years)
  
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    CMF 3343 Ministry to Adults

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An integrated study of the stages, issues and transitions of adult development, as well as theories of adult learning, and holistic care and discipleship of adults. The significance of generational identities (e.g. silent generation, boomers and millennials) and the importance of cross-generational ties will also be examined. As part of this course, students are required to complete 30 hours of service learning in a ministry organization that serves adults.

    Offered on campus Spring semester (even-numbered years)
  
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    CMF 4243 Culture and Ministry

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A broad overview of the theological perspectives on human culture, the layers of culture and cultural value dimensions, major world religions, and cultural issues and implications for Christian ministry.  Developing contextualized and culturally intelligent strategies for ministry will be the primary focus of this course.  

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CMF 4413 Forming Christians in Community

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An integrative and practical exploration of how to empower progressive Christ-like development in care for others. Special emphasis is placed on the use of spiritual disciplines, experiential education and Bible studies in a small group setting.

    Prerequisite: CMF 2263 
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CMF 4433 Capstone in Christian Ministry

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A capstone ministry course in which students will theologically reflect and critically analyze the mission of God (missio Dei), the mission of the Church, church planting and church ministry, and God’s call and calling of the Christian minister. Students will be required to complete a philosophy of ministry paper and conduct a capstone literary research project on a specific ministry topic of interest.

    Prerequisites: CMF 4610  and senior standing
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CMF 4481 Selected Topics

    One hour (On Campus)
    Topics are chosen from specific areas of Christian Ministries. The student may also do an independent study and research under the supervision of the instructor.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CMF 4482 Selected Topics

    Two hours (On Campus)
    Topics are chosen from some areas of Christian Ministries. The student may also do an independent study and research under the supervision of the instructor.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CMF 4483 Selected Topics

    Three hours (On Campus)
    Topics are chosen from some areas of Christian Ministries. The student may also do an independent study and research under the supervision of the instructor.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CMF 4493 Ministry to Families

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A theological and developmental exploration of the family system, stages of the family life cycle, formational tasks and challenges of family life, and models of ministry to families across the lifespan. Effective skills in family assessment, brief counseling and spiritual guidance towards unity, forgiveness and reconciliation in family relationships will be examined, along with a unit on end of life care and companioning with families through the stages of dying, death, mourning and grief.

    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CMF 4610 Internship in Christian Ministry and Formation

    No credit (On Campus)
    Experiential learning involving field experience in an approved and supervised local or international ministry context. Prior to starting the internship, an internship learning agreement must be completed by the student and turned in to the CMF Program Director for approval. This course is a graduation requirement for all Christian Ministry and Formation majors and is only available to those students who are majoring in the Christian Ministry and Formation degree. Graded: ‘S’ or ‘U’. 

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    CMF 4613 Internship in Christian Ministry and Formation

    Three hours (On Campus)
    Experiential learning involving field experience in an approved and supervised local or international ministry context. Prior to starting the internship, an internship learning agreement must be completed by the student and turned in to the CMF Program Director for approval. This course is a graduation requirement for all Christian Ministry and Formation majors and is only available to those students who are majoring in the Christian Ministry and Formation degree. Graded: ‘S’ or ‘U’.   

    Prerequisite: junior standing
    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters

Counseling

  
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    CNL 7013 Statistics and Research in Counseling

    Three hours (On Campus and Online)
    The study of statistics and basic research approaches related to solving applied research questions in the field of counseling and psychology. The course examines and critiques research studies seminal to understanding human behavior and evidence-based counseling approaches.

    Offered on campus Spring semester
    Offered online Summer semester

  
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    CNL 7023 Human Development

    Three hours (On campus)
    An overview of theories of physical, cognitive, spiritual, and social/emotional development and processes throughout the life span. Theoretical and practical instruction is designed for application of developmental research and theory to educational and related mental health settings.

    Offered Upon Sufficient Request
  
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    CNL 7033 Social and Cultural Foundations in Counseling

    Three hours (On Campus)
    The study of social, cultural, ethnic, racial, spiritual, and gender issues in counseling. The course examines the impact of special issues (e.g., cultural differences, sexism, gender roles, ethnicity, race, discrimination, socioeconomic status, and social and multi-cultural trends) on individuals, couples, families, and communities.

    Offered on campus Spring and Summer semesters
  
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    CNL 7043 Human Growth & Lifespan Development

    Three hours (Online)
    The study of cultural, biological, psychological, spiritual, and social/emotional theories of lifespan development. The course examines and applies developmental research and theory to mental health counseling and family therapy, including the impact of gender, sexual, and spiritual development on psychosocial functioning.

    Offered online Fall, Spring and Summer semesters

  
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    CNL 7323 Career Counseling

    Three hours (Online)
    The study and application of career development theories and techniques across diverse settings. The course examines the unique vocational and mental health needs related to child, adolescent, and adult learners, with particular attention on assessing and treating these issues in college and school-based counseling contexts. 

    Offered online Fall, Spring and Summer semesters

  
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    CNL 7513 Introduction to Clinical Mental Health Counseling

    Three hours (On Campus)
    This course provides an introduction to the history and foundations of mental health counseling. The roles, functions, and context of practicing in a variety of mental health settings will be explored. An overview of the professional issues and scope of practice for mental health professionals will be examined.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CNL 8073 Psychopathology & Diagnosis

    Three hours (On Campus)
    The study of diagnostic and treatment criteria for mental disorders, abnormal behavior, and personality issues. The course examines the major categories of mental disorders as delineated in the DSM with particular attention on diagnostic case conceptualization, treatment planning, intervention selection, and clinical documentation.

    Offered on campus Fall and Summer semesters

Computer Science

  
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    CS 1113 Introduction to Computing

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introduction to algorithmic problem solving in the context of a modern programming language. Such topics as problem-solving strategies, basic data structures, data and procedural abstraction, and algorithm complexity are discussed. Three hours lecture-discussion per week. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: minimum ACT math score of 24, or minimum SAT math score of 580, or CLT math score of at least 21, or MTH 1113  
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CS 2233 Object-Oriented Programming

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introductory course in object-oriented programming principles and techniques. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CS 1113 
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CS 3213 Computer Architecture

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introductory course in the architecture of computer systems hardware.

    Prerequisite: EE 2213 
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CS 3233 Selected Topics

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A study of a special area of computer science. May also be used as internship credit or independent study.

    Offered on campus upon sufficient request
  
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    CS 3243 Data Structures

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introductory course in various data structures that are implemented in different programming languages.

    Prerequisite: CS 2233  
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CS 3363 Database Design

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introductory course in the analysis, design, and development of databases.

    Prerequisite: CS 3243 
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CS 3423 Mobile/Web Applications

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introductory course in mobile and web application design and concepts. Students will work in teams and develop a full web application that gathers data from remote systems, stores them in a database, processes and presents the data in a traditional browser and via a custom mobile application.  An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CS 2233 
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CS 3443 Machine Learning

    Three hours (On Campus)
    This course provides a practical, “hands-on” introduction to machine learning. A variety of machine learning approaches will be discussed. These approaches may include linear regression, gradient descent, neural networks, reinforcement learning and/or other algorithms. The course contains a significant practical component, including several programming projects where students implement particular machine learning approaches. An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CS 1113  and either MTH 1153  or MTH 2114  
    Offered on campus Spring semester (even-numbered years)
  
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    CS 3533 Software Engineering

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introductory course in designing, building, and testing software systems.

    Prerequisite: CS 3423 
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CS 3613 Operating Systems

    Three hours (On Campus)
    An introductory course in the algorithms and structures of operating systems.

    Prerequisite: CS 3213 
    Offered on campus Spring semester
  
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    CS 4513 Computer Science Capstone I

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A capstone course to integrate previous learning experiences in problem formulation and solution. Students work in teams and develop a solution using the knowledge gained from previous computer science courses.  An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CS 3533  and EN 3222  
    Offered on campus Fall semester
  
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    CS 4523 Computer Science Capstone II

    Three hours (On Campus)
    A capstone course to integrate previous learning experiences in problem formulation and solution. Includes the completion of the major design project initiated in Computer Science Capstone I, with written and oral reporting of the work.  An additional fee may be associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CS 4513  
    Offered on campus Spring semester

Communications

  
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    COM 1100 Beginning Radio Practicum

    No credit (On Campus)
    Participation in supervised, entry-level radio experiences. Introduction to typical station policies, methods of operation and Federal Communication Commission (FCC) regulations.

    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
  
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    COM 1101 Beginning Radio Practicum

    One hour (On Campus)
    Participation in supervised entry-level radio experiences. Introduction to typical station policies, methods of operation, and Federal Communication Commission (FCC) regulations.

    Offered on campus Fall and Spring semesters
 

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